Phytocannabinoids and Other Cannabinoids

The Cannabis plant and its products consist of an enormous variety of chemicals.

The Compounds in Cannabis

Some of the 483 compounds identified are unique to Cannabis, for example, the

more than 60 cannabinoids, whereas the terpenes, with about 140 members forming

the most abundant class, are widespread in the plant kingdom. The term “cannabinoids”

represents a group of C21 terpenophenolic compounds found until now uniquely

in Cannabis sativa L. (1). As a consequence of the development of synthetic cannabinoids

(e.g., nabilone [2], HU-211 [dexanabinol; ref. {3}, or ajulemic acid [CT-3; ref.

4]) and the discovery of the chemically different endogenous cannabinoid receptor

ligands (“endocannabinoids,” e.g., anandamide, 2-arachidonoylglycerol) (5,6), the term

“phytocannabinoids” was proposed for these particular Cannabis constituents (7).

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